There is a series of pipes that are ran around the outer edge of the home. They are exposed and open on the top and allow water to collect from off the roof and drain through the channels out of a spout. The spout is located in a particular spot that will allow the water to run off safely without causing a problem. The gutters are an open channel which means that they can easily be filled with particles and debris. When this happens the gutters can become stopped up and blocked so the water no longer can drain to the designated area. This can lead to the fascia of the home being damaged, the actual gutter being damaged and the water will drain in places you may not want it to like over a walkway. The gutters are a constant maintenance item on the list of chores that need to be done. The problem is that they are high up on the house and they can actually be quite hard to clean. The work is dangerous to start off because you are high on a ladder trying to remove debris. The other problem is without the right tools the work is very slow going. The best method to clean out gutters and the downspout is to use a pressure washer. Although it seems easy enough pressure washing is a science and if it is not done right it can cause damage. Big Moose Pressure Cleaning lists what could be blocking your gutters and downspouts.
Twigs & Leaves Clogging Gutters
One of the most popular items that are found in gutters is from the trees that are normally hanging all around the house. They are full of leaves and twigs that at some point will fall off. The problem is that the gutter channel is open and is a great place for all these twigs and leaves to land. The other place they tend to land in on the actual roof and the wind will send them down the pitch of the home straight into the gutters. Once they are cozy in the gutter they probably won’t leave unless someone takes them out. Along with the leaves and the twigs is dirt that settles quickly down in the gutter and when the water comes it turns into thick mud. The mud sometimes referred to as sludge is so thick that it is difficult to clean out.
Animal Nests in Gutter
When a small animal is looking for a place to make a nest they are looking for some place that has some cover. Inside the gutter is a great spot to stop and nest away. The nest of a bird, mouse, or other wildlife can easily be found around the gutters causing some major backup. They use pieces from around the yard to make the nest which can include toys, fabric, leaves and anything else they find useful.
Plants Growing in Gutters
That may seem weird to say but a small plant has all that it needs in a filled gutter. It has dirt, water and sunlight in a perfect little planter box. A plant can start to sprout from the gutter and the roots can take control. Once that happens more damage can come as the roots continue to run along the gutters.